Aspirational AI

In a recent TED talk, AI researcher Janelle Shane shared the weird, sometimes alarming antics of Artificial Neural Network (ANNs) AI algorithms as they try to solve human problems.[i] She points out that the best ANNs we have today are maybe on par with worm brains.  So how is it that ANNs were ever termed […]

The Hidden Structure

Discovering the Hidden Structure of Knowledge — Though we don’t how the human brain is able to transcend from the data processing layer (where the brain too is just processing low level data coming in from the senses) to the realm of knowledge we can, through introspection, examine the structure of the end product of […]

Artificial Neural Networks

Narrow AI’s Dark Secrets Articles about AI are published everyday. The term “AI” is used in a very narrow sense in the majority of these articles: it means applications based on training artificial neural networks under the control of sophisticated algorithms to solve very particular problems. Here is the first dark secret: This kind of […]

How we got here.

The Road To Machine Knowledge The body of epistemological theory and insights that have found practical application in Compact Knowledge Models is the result of over forty years of focused interest and study by New Sapience founder, Bryant Cruse.  He first formulated his epistemological theories as an undergraduate at St. Johns’ College in Annapolis in […]


Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Whole brain emulation The approach is that you first create a neural network with the size and complexity of the human brain and then program it to recapitulate, in some form, human cognitive processes that will eventually result in the production of world knowledge. The assumption here is that intelligence is […]

Knowledge and Language

The Library of Congress, a great repository… of something. in Humans The question of the relationship between language and knowledge in the human mind has fascinated philosophers and other deep thinkers since ancient times. One theory is that language is a prerequisite for knowledge and that knowledge cannot exist without it. The common-sense notion that is that […]

The New Sapience Thesis

Knowledge and Intelligence Artificial Intelligence has been considered the “holy grail” of computer science since the dawn of computing, though these days when all kinds of programs are grouped loosely together under the term “AI” it is necessary to say “real AI” or “Artificial General Intelligence” to indicate we are talking about intelligence in the […]

A New Epistemology

How do we know what we know? If we want to endow machines with knowledge we had better understand what it is. Epistemology, a term first used in 1854, is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge. It is not much studied in the schools these days and certainly not in computer […]

The Third Singularity

The Third Singularity Are Super Artificial Intelligences going to make humanity obsolete? If you’re not worried about this maybe you should be since some of the leading technical minds of our time are clearly very concerned. Eminent theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking said about AI: “it would take off on its own, and re-design itself at […]

Knowledge and Intelligence

Understanding Intelligence Alan Turing, in his 1950 paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” proposed the following question: “Can machines do what we (as thinking entities) can do?” To answer it, he described his now famous test in which a human judge engages in a natural language conversation via a text interface with one human and one […]